Main Types of Packaging
Packaging is the act of covering the manufactured items before the distribution, selling, storage and use are done. The process of coming up with packages is also known as packaging. A package is supposed to possess package labeling which contains information such as the manufacturing company, expiry date and any other information important to the consumer. The package labeling contains graphical, electronic and written messages. A packaged product does not get dust and air, it is easily handled and stored, attracts more customers, is secure and can be opened and closed after use. The recyclable material is the best in making packages in order to keep the environment clean. Below are the major packaging methods.
Resealable packaging is the first type of packaging. This type of packaging allows the consumer to reclose the packaging after using the product. A products in a resealable packaging can neither go bad nor spill out. The methods of reclosing the resealable packaging are; hooks, screw caps, adhesive tapes, and strips, lid, twist ties and plastic wraps. A resealable package should not be disposed of after use but can be reused.
The stand-up pouches is another packaging method. The stand-up pouches have the ability to stand up on their own. Food items, liquids, and solids are packaged in the stand-up pouches. This type of packaging occupies reduced space therefore convenient for storage and handling. A stand-up pouch may be clear or laminated. The laminated stand-up pouches have a small portion which is clear.
Another type of packaging is the custom packaging. The custom packaging have personalized features. These personalized features include; colors, package labeling, logos, pictures, shapes, dimensions, and material. The custom packaging are mostly used in packaging gifts. The improvement in technology has led to the designing of the custom packaging to be done through the use of a software.
Another packaging method is aluminum foil packaging. The aluminum foil packaging keeps away dust, light, oxygen, odor, and moisture. Foods in aluminum foil heat up faster compared to those not in aluminum foil.
The vacuum packaging is another popular packaging method. Vacuum is the absence of matter. Vacuum packaging is favorable for the perishable foods and drinks. By eliminating moisture and air, bacteria, yeast, and mold which make food to go bad are eliminated. Vacuum packaging facilitates storage and use of perishable goods for long.
Lastly, polythene bag packaging is another major packaging method. A thin film of plastic is used in the making of the polybags. This is the most common type of packaging. The polythene bags are recyclable.